Our team:

A great scientific commitment

Franck Tarpin-Bernard Franck Tarpin-Bernard, Ph.D.
HAPPYneuron President

  • Vianin P., Deppen, P., Amado I., Franck N., Croisile B., Tarpin-Bernard, F., An Individualized Cognitive Remediation Program for schizophrenia, Cognitive Remediation in Psychiatry, New-York, 5th june 2009.
  • Tarpin-Bernard, F., Samaan, K. & David, B.T. (2007). A Method for building adaptable software that respect usability. In A., Seffah, J., Vanderdonckt, & M., Desmarais (Eds.). Computer Human Interaction and Software Engineering, 2. Berlin: Springer Verlag.
  • Sghaier, A., Prévôt, P., & Tarpin-Bernard, F. (2007). Towards a Generic Environment for the Design of Serious Games. Proceedings of Learning with Games 2007.
  • Tarpin-Bernard, F. & Habieb-Mammar, H. (2005). Modeling Elementary Cognitive Abilities for Adaptive Presentation of Hypermedia. User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction (UMUAI). The Journal of Personalization Research, 15(5), 459-495.
  • Habieb-Mammar, H., & Tarpin-Bernard, F. (2004). CUMAPH: Cognitive User Modeling for Adaptive Presentation of Hyper-documents. Proceeding of the Third International Conference on Adaptive Hypermedia and Adaptive Web-Based Systems (AH 2004) (LNCS3137).
  • Habieb-Mammar, H., Tarpin-Bernard, F., & Prévôt, P. (2003). Adaptative presentation of multimedia interface, case study: “Brain Story” Course. Proceedings of UM 2003, the 9th International Conference on User Modelling (LNCS2702).
  • Habieb-Mammar, H., & Tarpin-Bernard, F. (2002b). How to Incorporate Cognitive Styles into Adaptive Multimodal Interfaces. Proceedings of EDMEDIA 2002, World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications.
  • Habieb-Mammar, H., & Tarpin-Bernard, F. (2002a). Cognitive Styles and Adaptive Multimodal Interfaces. Proceedings of CogSci’2002, the 24th annual meeting of the Cognitive Science Society.
  • Tarpin-Bernard, F., Habieb-Mammar, H., Croisile, B., & Noir, M. (2001). A supervised Program for Cognitive e-Training. Proceedings of WebNet’2001, World Conference on Web technologies.

Dr. Franck Tarpin-Bernard is instrumental in taking the science and creativity of the scientific team members and transforming their ideas as innovative, engaging and challenging brain fitness solutions, including the performance tracking and personalized coaching tools. Dr. Tarpin-Bernard also serves as Professor in Computer Science at the National Institute of Applied Science of Lyon and has published numerous peer-reviewed journal papers and book chapters. He graduated first in his class in engineering from Ecole Centrale de Lyon and later received a Ph.D in computer engineering, also from Ecole Centrale de Lyon.

HAPPYneuron researches on the brain are carried out by a number of scientists in the fields of neurology, neuropsychology, cognitive psychology, educational sciences, and management of the aging communities, especially the ones with neurodegenerative conditions.

Docteur Bernard Croisile Bernard Croisile, MD, Ph.D.
Chief Science Officer

  • Rovelet-Lecrux A, Legallic S, Wallon D, Flaman JM, Martinaud O, Bombois S, Rollin-Sillaire A, Michon A, Le Ber I, Pariente J, Puel M, Paquet C, Croisile B, Thomas-Antérion C, Vercelletto M, Lévy R, Frébourg T, Hannequin D, Campion D; Investigators of the GMAJ project. A genome-wide study reveals rare CNVs exclusive to extreme phenotypes of Alzheimer disease. Eur J Hum Genet. 2012 Jun; 20(6): 613-7.
  • Croisile B, Auriacombe S, Etcharry-Bouyx F, Vercelletto M. Les nouvelles recommandations 2011 du National Institute on Aging and the Alzheimer's Association sur le diagnostic de la maladie d'Alzheimer : stades précliniques, mild cognitive impairment, et démence. Rev Neurol (Paris). 2012 Jun; 168(6-7): 471-82.
  • Croisile B. Quels sont les tests utiles en première intention pour le médecin de consultation mémoire ? La Revue de Gériatrie 2011 ; 36(9): 655-665.
  • Croisile B. Beaumont C, Hadjedj T, Riccio J, Astier J-L. La BAtterie Neuropsychologique COurte (BANCO) : étalonnage chez 347 sujets normaux de 50 à 92 ans. La Revue de Gériatrie 2011 ; 36(9): 645-654.
  • Gabelle A, Roche S, Gény C, Bennys K, Labauge P, Tholance Y, Quadrio I, Tiers L, Gor B, Boulanghien J, Chaulet C, Vighetto A, Croisile B, Krolak-Salmon P, Perret-Liaudet A, Touchon J, Lehmann S. Decreased sAβPPβ, Aβ38, and Aβ40 Cerebrospinal Fluid Levels in Frontotemporal Dementia. J Alzheimers Dis. 2011 Jan 1; 26(3): 553-63.
  • J. Seguin, M. Formaglio, A. Perret-Liaudet, I. Quadrio, Y. Tholance, O. Rouaud, C. Thomas-Anterion, B. Croisile, H. Mollion, O. Moreaud, M. Salzmann, A. Dorey, M. Bataillard, M-H. Coste, A. Vighetto, P. Krolak-Salmon. Cerebrospinal Fluid biomarkers in posterior cortical atrophy. Neurology 2011 May 24; 76(21): 1782-8.
  • P. Vianin, P. Deppen, B. Croisile, F. Tarpin-Bernard, P. Sarrasin-Bruchez, R. Dukes and M. Grillon. Exploratory Investigation of a Customized, Cognitive Remediation Program for Individuals Living with Schizophrenia. The Journal of Cognitive Rehabilitation Fall 2010 (vol 28) : 11-21.
  • Croisile B, Astier JL, Beaumont C, Mollion H. Validation de la Batterie Rapide de Dénomination (BARD) chez 382 témoins et 1004 patients d'une consultation mémoire. Rev Neurol (Paris). 2010 ; 166(6-7) : 584-593.
  • Croisile B, Sindou M. Comments of the paper : What makes Maurice Ravel's Deadly craniotomy interesting ? Concerns of one of the most famous craniotomies in history. Kanat A, Kayaci S, Yazar U, Yilmaz A. Acta Neurochir, 2010 Apr; 152(4): 737-742.
  • Croisile B. Approche neurocognitive de la mémoire. Gérontologie et Société : Mémoires ; 2009 septembre ; 130 : 11-29.
  • Croisile B, Simon E, Astier JL, Beaumont C, Mollion H. Le Test des 5 mots chez 85 patients ayant un Trouble Anxieux Généralisé. La Presse Médicale, 2009 ; 38 : 1568-1576.
  • Croisile B. Milliery M, Collomb K, Colombe C, Mollion H. Le Test des 5 dessins : un test de mémoire visuo-spatiale à utiliser dans la maladie d'Alzheimer. Revue de Gériatrie, 2009, juin, 34, n°6 : 495-503.
  • Vianin P., Deppen, P., Amado I., Franck N., Croisile B., Tarpin-Bernard, F., An Individualized Cognitive Remediation Program for schizophrenia, Cognitive Remediation in Psychiatry, New-York, 5th june 2009.
  • Croisile B, Miner D, Bélier S, Noir M, Tarpin-Bernard F. (21-25 October 2008).
    Online Cognitive Training Improves Cognitive Performance. National Academy of Neuropsychology. New York City.
  • Croisile, B. (2007m). Alzheimer's disease and related diseases. Paris: Editions Larousse.
  • Croisile, B. (2007l). Memory in Richard Wagner's Tetralogy. In Memoirs of the Lyon Science, Fine Arts and Arts Academy (pp. 91-97). Editions de l'Académie Lyon.
  • Croisile, B. (2007k). Amnesic Mild Cognitive Impairment: An appointment at a memory clinic. Diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment of 90 patients. In Mild Cognitive Impairment. From normal brain aging to dementia (163-175). SOLAL, Collection Neuropsychologie, Marseille.
  • Croisile, B. (2007j). Oral and written language disorders at early stage Alzheimer's disease. Revue Neurologique, 163, 4S30.
  • Croisile, B. (2007i). Annotated Bibliographic News: Evaluating uncharacteristic demen-tia syndromes in PET with the PIB marker. Neurologies, suppl. XIV, 10, 7-8.
  • Croisile, B. (2007h). Annotated Bibliographic News: Early Alzheimer's disease diagnosis: optimizing coding specificities. Neurologies, suppl. XIV, 10, 5-6.
  • Croisile, B. (2007g). Cognitive examination in urban practice. La Revue du Praticien - Médecine Générale, 21(780/781), 932-935.
  • Croisile, B. (2007f). Memory complaints and memory disorders? Terminological thoughts. Mémoires-Actualités, 1, 1-3.
  • Croisile, B. (2007e). Appliance of the SNAB (Short NAming Battery) on 639 patients from a memory clinic. Revue de Gériatrie, 32, 343-354.
  • Croisile, B. (2007d). Annotated Bibliographic News: Dementias: 'Still PIB, always PIB!'
    Neurologies, suppl. VIII, 1, 9-10.
  • Croisile, B. (2007c). Annotated Bibliographic News: Dementias: 'For a few Teslas more! Direct visualization of amyloid plaques now conceivable via 7 Tesla MRI in Alzheimer's disease patients?' Neurologies, suppl. VIII, 1, 9.
  • Croisile, B. (2007b). Annotated Bibliographic News: Dementias: 'Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI): Evolution of 4 clinical subtypes.' Neurologies, suppl. VII, 1, 9.
  • Croisile, B. (2007a). Annotated Bibliographic News: Dementias: 'Cerebral reserve & dementia. Cerebral reserve and cognitive decline.' Neurologies, suppl. VII, 1, 9.
  • Truchot, L., Costes, S.N., Zimmer, L., Laurent, B., Le Bars, D, Thomas-Antérion, C., Croisile, et al., (2007). Up-regulation of hippocampal serotonin metabolism in mild cognitive impairment. Neurology, 69(10), 1012-1017.
  • Croisile, B., & Bonnefoy, M. (2007). Research and resources memory center of the Lyon Civil Hospices. DIRE, 92, 2.
  • Croisile, B., Astier, J.-L., & Beaumont, C. (2007). Calibrating the five-word-test on healthy controls. Revue Neurologique, 163(3), 323-333.
  • Croisile, B., Mollion, H., & Goni, S. (2007). Memantine effects in patients with mild to severe Alzheimer's disease with behavioral disorders. Summary of the French Speaking Days of Neurology, 2S42.
  • Noir, M., & Croisile, B. (2007). Get Your Brain in the Fast Lane: Turbocharge Your Memory with More Than 100 Brain Building Exercises. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Croisile, B., Astier, J.-L., & Beaumont, C. (2007). Administration of the SNAB (Short NAming Battery) to 349 patients from a memory clinic. Revue Neurologique, 163, 4S90-4S91.
  • Croisile, B., Astier, J.-L., Beaumont, C., & Mollion, H. (2007). The five-word-test in patients over 80 with Alzheimer's disease: Relevance of Total Weighted Score compared to Total Score. Revue Neurologique, 163, 4S91.
  • Truchot, L., Costes, N., Vighetto, A., Laurent, B., Lebars, D., Thomas-Antérion, C., Croisile, B., et al., (2007). Discrimination of Mild Cognitive Impairment from Mild Alzheimer's Disease by human in vivo serotonin metabolism exploration. Neurology, suppl. 1, 68(12), A61.
  • Croisile, B., Auriacombe, S., Pariente, J., & Polydor, J.-P. (2007). Vas-Cog 2007 – San Antonio (Texas) July 11-14, 2007. La Revue de Gériatrie, 32(9)
  • Croisile, B., Bélier, S., Allain, G., Noir, M., & Tarpin-Bernard, F. (2007). Improved cognitive performances for 85 assiduous subscribers to a cognitive training website. Revue Neurologique, 163, 4S131.
  • Croisile, B. (2006g). Starting dementias. Some thoughts. Psynergie, special issue "The beginnings", 13-18.
  • Croisile, B. (2006f). Memory stimulation. Which rational? Which exercises? Revue de Gériatrie, 31(6), 421-433.
  • Croisile, B. (2006e). Which patients should be offered memory rehabilitation? Neuronale, 26, 6-8.
  • Croisile, B. (2006d). XIXth day of the Alzheimer's disease research group in Marseille: Mild Cognitive Impairment. Revue de Gériatrie, 31(5), 353-355.
  • Croisile, B. (2006c). Annotated Bibliographic News: Dementias: 'The risk of dementia and cerebral vascular accidents throughout life.' Neurologies, Suppl. X, 9, 9-10.
  • Croisile, B. (2006b). Annotated Bibliographic News: Dementias: 'Subcortical dementias: History and personal thoughts.' Neurologies, Suppl. VIII, 9, 9.
  • Croisile, B. (2006a). Ten keys to memory. La Recherche, Les Dossiers, special issue: "Memory", 22, 8-13.
  • Desestret, V., Kaufman, M., Perret-Liaudet, A., Vighetto, A., Mercier, B., Croisile, B., et al. (2006). Correlation between 'hippocampic' memory and CRL tau protein in Alzheimer's disease. La Revue de Médecine Interne, 27 (Suppl. 3), S374-S375.
  • Croisile, B. (2005l). Communication, written language, and dementia. In Communication & dementias (pp. 83-103). SOLAL, Collection Neuropsychologie, Marseille.
  • Croisile, B. (2005k). A Short Naming Battery (SNAB) in memory clinics. La Revue Francophone de Gériatrie et Gérontologie, XII(120)
  • Croisile, B. (2005j). Annotated Bibliographic News: Dementias: 'Natural history of primary progressive aphasia.' Neurologies, Suppl. VII, 8, 5.
  • Croisile, B. (2005i). 30th anniversary of the MMSE! Neurologies, 8, 537-540.
  • Croisile, B. (2005h). Beyond ears: Memory and language. Journal of the French Society of Audiology, 2, 3-4.
  • Croisile, B. (2005g). Writing, aging, and Alzheimer's. Psychologie & Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement, 3(3), 183-197.
  • Croisile, B. (2005f). Memory: Know it well, use it well. Demain: Revue d'Information de la Mutuelle des Agents des Impôts, 73, 22-24.
  • Croisile, B. (2005e). Memory in the face of tests. Itinéraires Santé, 23, 4-5.
  • Croisile, B. (2005d). Dementias: Assessing behavior, independence, cognition & memory. Report: Evaluation in neurology. Useful scales & tests. Neurologies, 8, 129-132.
  • Croisile, B. (2005c). The role of a Neuropsychological Laboratory. Journal Interne du Groupement Hospitalier Est, 6, 2.
  • Croisile, B. (2005b). The secrets of memory. La Revue de la MTRL, 45, 4-8.
  • Croisile, B. (2005a). Memory. Retraite, (APICIL-MICIL group), 11, 12-13.
  • Etcharry-Bouyx, F., & Croisile, B. (2005). Dementias and syndromes. La Lettre du Neurologue, Oct. special issue, 22-24.
  • Bediou, B., Ryff, I., Vighetto, A., Milliery, M., Krolak-Salmon, P., & Croisile, B. (2005). Seeing MCI turn into dementia thanks to recognition of certain facial features.
    Revue Neurologique, 12(2), 4S113.
  • Croisile, B., Astier, J-L, et al (2005) Comparing results of the five-word-test of 18 anxiety, 18 control & 18 mild AD patients. Revue Neurologique, 12(2), 4S139.
  • Truchot, L., Vighetto, A., Costes, N., Lothe, A., Zimmer, L., Laurent, B., Croisile, B., & Krolak-Salmon, P. (2005). Diagnostic effectiveness of 18F-MPPF in PET in Alzheimer's disease. Revue Neurologique, 12(2), 4S96.
  • Milliery, M., Guerin, J., & Croisile, B. (2005). Study of a support group for families with neurodegenerative dementia patients: practice for 7 years and survey results.
    Revue Neurologique, 12(2), 4S139.
  • Noir, M., & Croisile, B. (2005). Dental Floss For The Memory: A Complete Program for Boosting Your Brain Power. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Croisile, B. (2004j). Your appointment with a neurologist. In Health as a goal: The keys to talking to doctors and helping you to take action (pp. 167-197). Editions Bayard-Notre Temps, Paris.
  • Croisile, B. (2004i). Artistic production and brain aging: Memory in Richard Wagner's Neuropsychologie works. In Neurodégénérescence et Vieillissement cérébral (185-196). SOLAL, Collection, Marseille.
  • Croisile, B. (2004h). Memory clinic: Adapted dementia treatment. Neurologies, 65, 456-459.
  • Croisile, B. (2004g). Dementias throughout the world. One disease, 5 cultures: solutions before disaster! La Lettre du Neurologue, 9, 18.
  • Croisile, B. (2004f). Mild Cognitive Impairment: 134 communications. La Lettre du Neurologue, 9, 7-9.
  • Croisile, B. (2004e). Memory clinics: Adapted dementia treatment. Repères en Gériatrie, 44, 6-9.
  • Croisile, B. (2004d). Neuropsychological thoughts: A trend, the dream of quick and effective! La Lettre du Neurologue, October spec. issue "Recent data on dementias", 14-15.
  • Croisile, B. (2004c). How are attention disorders and mnesic complaints linked? La Lettre du Neurologue, September spec. issue "Attention disorders and amnesic complaints", 3-6.
  • Croisile, B. (2004b). Knowledge gaps are nothing unusual! http://www.doctissimo.fr/html/psychologie/bien_memoriser/ps-8074-trous-de-memoire-normal-itw.htm.
  • Croisile, B., & Rothoft, J.-M. (2004b). Presentation and management of memory complaints in 726 general physicians: results of a questionnaire. Journal of Neurology, 251 (suppl. 3), 101.
  • Croisile, B., & Rothoft, J.-M. (2004a). Memory complaints in general practitioners: Presentation and management. La Revue de Gériatrie, 29(3), 179-188.
  • Croisile, B. (2004a). Alzheimer's disease: Easier detection, better treatment. TONIC – Le Journal des Hospices Civils de Lyon, 108, 10.
  • Croisile, B. (2003j). Maintaining a brain stimulating activity. In Larousse de la Santé au Féminin (pp. 265-267). Editions Larousse, Paris.
  • Croisile, B. (2003i). The female brain. Larousse de la Santé au Féminin (pp. 106-107). Editions Larousse, Paris.
  • Croisile, B. (2003h). Cerebral reserve, cognitive reserve: practical perspectives of a new concept. Actualités Innovations Médecine, 91, 40-44.
  • Croisile, B. (2003g). Cognitive aging: Cerebral reserve and cognitive reserve. Neuronale: Revue de Neurologie Comportementale, 1(12), 6-9.
  • Croisile, B. (2003f). Study of the five-word-test on 43 MCI subjects & 109 Alzheimer's disease patients. Revue Neurologique, 159(10), 5S69.
  • Croisile, B. (2003e). Editorial: "Don't forget about neuropsychology!" Neuronale: Revue de Neurologie Comportementale, 1(12), 3.
  • Croisile, B. (2003d). Neuropsychology: Multidisciplinary thoughts. Neurologies, 6(50), 193-194.
  • Croisile, B. (2003c). Cognitive aging: The future golden age of neurons? La Revue de Gériatrie, 28(5), 395-402.
  • Croisile, B. (2003b). After diagnosing, treating. Réminiscences - Maladie d'Alzheimer, 4.
  • Robert, P., Schuck, S., Dubois, B., et al. (2003b). Validating the short cognitive battery: Relevance for early detection of Alzheimer's disease and of depression in psychiatric practice. L'Encéphale, XXIX, 266-272.
  • Croisile, B. (2003a). Mild Cognitive Impairment: Diagnosis and actions to be taken in clinical practice. A study of 29 cases. La Revue de Gériatrie, 28(1), 17-28.
  • Robert, P., Schuck, S., Dubois, B., et al. (2003a). Screening for Alzheimer's Disease with the Short Cognitive Evaluation Battery. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 15, 92-98.
  • Croisile, B., Astier, J.-L., & Beaumont, C. (2003). Predictive factors of MCI turning into Alzheimer's disease within 2 years. Revue Neurologique, 159, 2S144.
  • Croisile, B., Astier, J-L., & Beaumont, C. (2003). Calibrating & validating a short naming battery in clinical practice. Revue Neurologique, 159(10), 5S109-5S110.
  • Croisile, B. (2002g). The fascinating networks of memory. In Les Guides Notre Temps. Strengthen your memory (pp. 25-53). Editions Bayard-Notre Temps, Paris.
  • Croisile, B. (2002f). Primary progressive aphasia. In Dementias (pp 229-234). Doin Editeurs, Paris.
  • Croisile, B. (2002e). Dementia, Alzheimer's, what's new? La Lettre du Neurologue, July special issue, 20-21.
  • Croisile, B. (2002d). How can memory be trained? Relevance of a CD-Rom and board game. Soins Gérontologie, 7(36), 38-39.
  • Croisile, B. (2002c). Working methods. How to stimulate memory. Phosphore, 252, 92-93.
  • Croisile, B. (2002b). Mild Cognitive Impairment: a waiting room for Alzheimer's disease? La Revue de Gériatrie, 27(3), 189-194.
  • Croisile, B. (2002a). Anatomy & functional organization of memory. Neuronale, 4, 14-17.
  • Croisile, B., Tarpin-Bernard, F. & Noir, M. (2002). Experiment of a cognitive training website for seniors. Revue Neurologique, 158, 2S126.
  • Croisile, B. & Weisz, S. (2002). How to improve your memory. Management, 86, 67-74.
  • Croisile, B. (2001c). Current treatments for Alzheimer's Disease. Abstract Neuro, 13, 18-21.
  • Croisile, B. (2001b). Test your memory abilities on the Internet. Horizons, 9, 5.
  • Croisile, B. (2001a). Cognitive functions and aging. Retraite, 2, 6-9.
  • Croisile, B., Astier, J.-L., & Girard, C. (2001). Using the five-word-test in 21 MCI and 49 control subjects. Revue Neurologique, 157, 4S60-4S61.
  • Croisile, B., & Noir, M. (2001). Neurons for our future. Le Spectacle du Monde, 10(472), 84-87.
  • Croisile, B., & Godefroy, O. (2001). Vascular dementias. La Lettre du Neurologue. 29-32.
  • Croisile, B. (2000b). Memory: Understanding how it works and its disorders (2nd part).
    La Revue de la MTRL, 25, 8-9.
  • Croisile, B. (2000a). Memory: Understanding how it works and its disorders (1st part).
    La Revue de la MTRL.
  • Thomas-Antérion, C., Croisile, B., & Moreaud, O. (2000). Alzheimer's disease: Evolution of our understanding. La Lettre du Neurologue, 4-8.
  • Croisile, B. (1998). Memory disorders. TONIC: Le Journal des Hospices Civils de Lyon, 86, 9-11.
  • Hibert, O., Laurent, B., Croisile, B., et al. (1994). Memory testing video simulation.
    Annales de Réadaptation et de Médecine Physique, 37, 265-274.
  • Trillet, M., & Laurent, B. (1988). Memory and amnesias. Paris: Editions Masson.
  • * NOTE: Dr. Croisile's scientific publications include over 200 peer-reviewed articles, books, book chapters, and book collaborations dating from 1984. His complete bibliography is predominantly comprised of writings on neurological disease, neuropsychological disorders, and healthy aging. Major topics include memory and memory disorders, cognitive assessment and training, dementia and Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment and brain imaging. The abridged bibliography above represents the fraction of his work most directly pertinent to HAPPYneuron, Inc. and its subscribers.

Dr. Croisile is a respected neurologist and neuropsychologist with an international reputation for his research on aging and cognition. He was the recipient of the Alzheimer's Disease Parke-Davis Award in 1998 and has written several hundred peer-reviewed articles for scientific publications, papers, and book chapters on aging and cognition, and spoken at hundreds of professional conferences on the prevention of dementia and age-related cognitive decline. Dr. Croisile has been the Chair of the Neuropsychology Department at the Neurological Hospital of Lyon France, since 1992. He received his M.D. and certification in Neurology from Lyon Hospitals and his Neurosciences Specialty degree and Ph.D. in Neuropsychology from University Claude Bernard in Lyon, France.

Dr Wesson Ashford Dr Wesson Ashford, M.D. Ph.D.
Senior Research Scientist at Stanford / Veterans Affairs Aging Clinical Research Center

Dr. Ashford is also the Director of the War Related Illness and Injury Study Center at the VA Palo Alto Health Care System, and Clinical Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University (affiliated). He is Chair of the Memory Screening Advisory Board of the Alzheimer's Foundation of America, Clinical Editor of the Journal of Alzheimer's disease, and on the Scientific Advisory Board of the Northern California chapter of the Alzheimer's Association. Dr. Ashford graduated from the University of California, Berkeley in 1970 and received his M.D. from UCLA in 1974 and Ph.D. in Neuroscience in 1984. He trained in Psychiatry and was a founding member of the Neurobehavioral Clinic and the first Chief Resident and Associate Director on the Geriatric Psychiatry In-Patient Unit at UCLA. He conducted the first double-blind study of an anti-cholinesterase drug (physostigmine) to treat Alzheimer patients (Ashford et al., 1981), a therapy which is now standard treatment for Alzheimer patients. For many years, Dr. Ashford directed the Geriatric Psychiatry Clinic at the UCLA NeuroPsychiatric Institute and initiated the UCLA/Alzheimer PET scan study. Between 1985 and 2003 he was a faculty member and associated with Alzheimer Centers at Southern Illinois University, University of California-Davis, and University of Kentucky. He has been at the VA Palo Alto and Stanford University since 2003.

Sandrine Bélier Sandrine Bélier, Ph.D.
Cognitive Psychology

  • Croisile, B., Bélier, S., Allain, G., Noir, M., & Tarpin-Bernard, F. (2007). Improved cognitive performances for 85 assiduous subscribers to a cognitive training website. Revue Neurologique, 163, 4S131.
  • Bélier, S. (2000). Amorçage perceptif verbal: Rôle de la congruence syllabique (Verbal perceptive priming: Effect of syllabic congruency) . Revue Incognito, 19, 63-64.
  • Bélier, S. (December, 1999). Amorçage perceptif verbal : Rôle de la structure syllabique (Verbal Perceptive Priming: Effect of syllabic structure). Doctoral Dissertation. Lyon 2 University.
  • Bélier, S., & Koenig, O. (unpublished). Evidence for orthographic syllables from word-stem completion priming.
  • Bélier, S., & Koenig, O. (unpublished). Evidence for syllabic representations in the left hemisphere.
  • Bélier, S., Bonatti, L., & Mehler, J. (unpublished). Statistics in word segmentation: Contribution of an implicit paradigm.
  • Mass market books ("Grand guide Marabout de la mémoire" (Great Marabout guide of Memory), "90 exercices de concentration" (90 concentration exercises), "Neurones en forme" (Neurons in shape), "Stimulez vos neurones" (Stimulate your neurons)).
  • Scientific papers for journals and French mass market websites: Phosphore, Le Point, Capital, Management, Journal du Management.
  • Scientific studies: "Bénéfices cognitifs liés à la pratique des jeux vidéo" (Cognitive benefits resulting from playing video games); "Quotient Cognitif Attentionnel chez des élèves de classe de CM1, CM2, 6ème et 5ème" (Attentional cognitive quotient of years 3 to 6 students").
Research Activities:
  • Bélier, S., Bonatti, L., & Mehler, J. (December, 2000). Statistics in word segmentation. Oral talk at the WANG seminars of the SISSA (International School for Advanced Studies). Trieste: Italy.
  • Bélier, S., & Koenig, O. (July, 2000). Role of the syllabic structure in implicit memory tasks. Oral presentation at the XXVIIth International Psychology Symposium. Stockholm: Sweden.
  • Bélier, S., & Koenig, O. (November, 1999). Représentations syllabiques orthographiques dans le lexique mental. Communication orale présentée lors de la réunion Rhône-Alpine intitulée Processus Langagiers: Contribution des Sciences Cognitives (Institut des Sciences Cognitives). Lyon: France. (Orthographic syllabic representations in the mental lexicon. Oral presentation during the Rhône-Alpes meeting entitled Language processes: Contribution of Cognitive Sciences (Cognitive Sciences Institute). Lyon: France.)
  • Bélier, S., & Koenig, O. (September, 1999). Syllabic units in the cerebral hemispheres: Evidence from a lateralized priming experiment. Communication affichée lors du XIème Congrès de la Société Européenne de Psychologie Cognitive (ESCOP 1999). Gent: Belgique. (Poster session presented at the XIth conference of the European society for Cognitive Psychology (ESCOP 1999). Gent: Belgium.)
  • Bélier, S., & Koenig, O. (March, 1999). Sensibilité hémisphérique gauche à la structure syllabique des mots : Contribution des tâches d’amorçage de complètement de bi- et de trigrammes en présentations centrale et latéralisée. Communication orale présentée aux IIémes Journées d’Etudes Linguistiques “Syllabes”. Nantes : France. (Left hemisphere sensitivity to the syllabic structure of words: Contribution of priming tasks on completing bi- and tri-gram in central and lateralized presentations. Oral presentation at the II. Linguistic Study Symposium "Syllables". Nantes: France.)
  • Bélier, S., & Koenig, O. (December, 1998). Complètement de trigrammes et asymétrie hémisphérique fonctionnelle : Rôle de la congruence syllabique. Communication affichée lors du VIIéme colloque de l’Association pour la Recherche Cognitive (ARC’98). Paris : France. (Completing trigraphs and functional hemispheric asymmetry: The role of syllabic congruency. Poster session at the VIIth conference of the Cognitive Research Association (ARC'98). Paris: France)
  • Bélier, S., & Koenig, O. (December, 1997). Effects of syllabic congruency and length of the stem in a word-stem completion priming task. Communication orale présentée aux Journées Internationales d’Orsay sur les Sciences Cognitives (JIOSC 97). Paris Orsay : France. (Oral presentation at the International Symposium of Orsay on Cognitive Sciences (JIOSC 97). Paris Orsay: France)
  • Bélier, S., Dirkx, E., & Koenig, O. (September, 1996). Varying stem length and syllabic congruency in word completion tasks. Communication affichée lors du IXéme Congrès de la Société Européenne de Psychologie Cognitive (ESCOP 1996). Würtzburg: Allemagne. (Poster session at the IXth Congress of European Society for Cognitive Psychology (ESCOP 1996). Würtzburg: Germany))
  • Bélier, S., Dirkx, E., & Koenig, O. (July, 1996). Role of syllabic congruency and length of the stem in a word completion priming task. Communication affichée lors de la Seconde Conférence Internationale sur la Mémoire (ICOM 1996). Padova: Italie. (Poster session at the Second International Conference on Memory (ICOM 1996). Padova: Italy.)
  • Bélier, S. (October, 1995). Les sous-systèmes de mémoire. Communication affichée aux Journées Science en Fête. Lyon: France. (Memory sub-systems. Poster session at the Scientific Symposium "Science en fête". Lyon: France.)
  • Bélier, S., & Michelon, P. (October, 1995). La mémoire humaine. Communication affichée aux Journées Science en Fête. Lyon: France. (The human memory. Poster session at the Scientific Symposium "Science en fête". Lyon: France.)

Dr. Bélier received her Ph.D. in Cognitive Psychology from the University of Lyon, France where she regularly teaches Applied Cognitive Sciences to Professional Master's Degree students. She was also a post-PhD researcher in Cognitive Neurosciences with a specialty in Psycholinguistics at the French National Research Center (CNRS) School of Higher Education in Social Education (EHESS), at the Pierre & Marie Curie University in Paris and at the International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA) in Trieste, Italy.

Dr Robert Bender Dr Robert Bender, M.D.
Geriatrician, Assistant Medical Director, The Johnny Orr Memory Center And Healthy Aging Institute

  • Bender, R. (2006). A Multifactorial Approach to Cognition in Patients with Dementia.The Aging Brain, 2nd Edition.
Research Activities:
  • “Wellness and Lifestyle Change in Seniors”. Sponsored project, Centers for Disease Control, 2007.
  • “Brain Wellness”. A multi-factorial approach to patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Sponsored project, Centers for Disease Control, 2006.
  • “Preventive Medicine and Wellness in the Nursing Home”. Sponsored project, Centers for Disease Control, 2004.
  • “Hypothyroidism in the Elderly”. Presented at the American Academy of Family Physicians Scientific Assembly, Kansas City, Mo, 1983. First prize for research by a practicing family physician.

Dr. Bender is a Board Certified physician in both Family Practice and Geriatrics who lives and practices in Des Moines, Iowa. He has served on the faculties of Mercy-Mayo Hospital, where he developed and directed the Family Practice residency from 1994-1998, and Iowa Methodist Medical Center, where he was Director of Geriatrics for the Internal Medicine Residency from 1998-2006. He has conducted several research projects on brain aging, brain wellness and Alzheimer's Disease, sponsored by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control. In 2005, he was a delegate of the American Geriatrics Society to the White House Conference on Aging. He currently directs the Johnny Orr Memory Center in Des Moines.

Michel Noir Michel Noir, Ph.D.
Educational Services, CEO of SBT

Dr. Michel Noir plays an important role in the educational theory behind brain fitness, as well as the creativity necessary to make brain training fun. Dr. Noir received his Ph.D. in Educational Science and post graduate diploma in Cognitive Psychology from the University of Lyon, France. He received his Graduate Diploma, Advanced Graduate Diploma, and Master's in Public Law from Paris Law Faculty. He also holds an Advanced Graduate Diploma in Political Science. Dr. Noir has authored over 15 books on a variety of educational and brain training topics and games.